The key documents outlined below provide useful advice to local authorities and practitioners as they are key reports on the principal influences of modal shift to sustainable modes.
The aim of this guide is to help make the business case for sustainable, low carbon, initiatives, to bring it into the core of local authorities work; and to draw on the latest developments to show how sustainable travel initiatives might best be delivered, measured and funded, drawing on examples of good practice from around the country. The Guide includes a menu of sustainable travel initiatives, including their benefits, examples of good practice and where more information and support is available.
This guide will be followed by further detailed evidence and information in the coming months to support the practical development of initiatives.
This document aims to help fully integrate smarter travel into the way land use planners, engineers, transport planners, urban designers and other ‘place making’ professionals think and deal with key transport issues by encouraging consistency in understanding of, and commitment to, travel techniques. It is a convenient signposting guide to help all transport, engineering and planning professionals understand the basics of smarter travel. An appendix gives examples of 17 typical smarter travel measures with their characteristics, costs, benefits and barriers.
This is a ‘daughter’ document (the first of a series) to the Institution of Highways and Transportation’s Climate Change and Sustainable Transport report to help fully integrate smarter travel into the way all professionals think about and deal with key transport issues.
Fact sheets (nearly 30 specific titles based on 7 major themes) have been identified with the first group of factsheets being available during 2010.
This fundamental research dated 2004 draws on earlier studies of the impact of soft measures, new evidence from the UK and abroad, case study interviews relating to 24 specific initiatives, and the experience of commercial, public and voluntary stakeholders involved in organising such schemes. Each of the soft factors is analysed separately, followed by an assessment of their combined potential impact.
This Review has assessed a wide range of evidence on the impacts of climate change and on the economic costs, and has used a number of different techniques to assess costs and risks. From all of these perspectives, the evidence gathered by the Review leads to a simple conclusion: the benefits of strong and early action far outweigh the economic costs of not acting.
Using the results from formal economic models, the Review estimates that if we don’t act, the overall costs and risks of climate change will be equivalent to losing at least 5% of global GDP each year, now and forever. If a wider range of risks and impacts is taken into account, the estimates of damage could rise to 20% of GDP or more. In contrast, the costs of action – reducing greenhouse gas emissions to avoid the worst impacts of climate change – can be limited to around 1% of global GDP each year.
Climate Change and Sustainable Transport – the challenge for transport professionals.
Institution of Highways and Transportation 2008
Available from www.ciht.org.uk
Delivering Sustainable Low Carbon Travel: An Essential Guide for Local Authorities Department of Transport & Department of Health November 2009
Making Smarter Choices
Institution of Highways and Transportation, Act TravelWise & RTPI November 2009
Smarter Choices - Changing the Way We Travel
Cairns S, Sloman L, Newson C, Anable J, Kirkbride A & Goodwin P
Department for Transport July 2004
Stern Review: The Economics of Climate Change
HM Treasury / Cabinet Office /Cambridge University Press, 2006